Gum Disease Treatment in London

Periodontal disease is a chronic gum condition that affects tooth-supporting structures (the bone, periodontal ligament, gums). This can be divided into gingivitis (inflammation or infection of the gums) and periodontitis (where infection damages the gums and jawline), which are both induced by the accumulation of dental plaque. Gum disease is a common cause of tooth loss among adults.

Risk Factors of Periodontal Disease

The primary risk factor for periodontal disease is the build-up of plaque. However, there are other factors which can influence the condition of your gums. These include:

  • Genetic susceptibility
  • Heightened stress levels
  • Medications
  • Tooth Grinding/Bruxing
  • Poor nutrition
  • Smoking
  • Obesity

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is described as an inflammation of the gums surrounding the teeth, without affecting the supporting bone. Tell-tale signs are redness and bleeding of the gums. It’s important to diagnose gingivitis at an early stage, as the more severe periodontitis can develop, leading to severe oral complications such as looseness of the teeth, pain and eventually complete tooth-loss.

What is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease which affects the tooth-supporting structures. It involves the progression of bacterial infection to the deeper tooth-supporting tissues, resulting in the gradual destruction of bone around the teeth.

This damage is irreversible and results in deep periodontal pockets, referred to as recessions. Bacteria tend to reside in these pockets, and if left untreated can cause further damage to the bone. The adjacent structure can become compromised as a result, leading to the loss of teeth.

A diagnosis of periodontitis is established by inspecting the gum tissues around the teeth with a periodontal probe, along with X-ray evaluation to determine the amount of bone loss around the teeth. Treatment takes place under local anesthetic with the removal of tartar and biofilm deposits through a procedure called scaling and root planing – this is a non-surgical approach.

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All of our dentists are registered with the GDC, while our treatment is all approved under BDA, GDC and UK standard guidelines. To find out more about any of the services we provide, and why we should be your first choice if you’re looking for a dentist to carry out dental implants, reach out to us today.

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