What is Dental Plaque?
Periodontal disease is a chronic Gum disease that affects the tooth- supporting structures (the bone, periodontal ligament, gums). The periodontal disease can be divided in gingivitis (Inflammation or infection of the gums) and periodontitis (where we have already destruction of the supporting bone). They are both induced by dental plaque.
Dental plaque is a combination of bacteria (biofilm), Gum disease, which covers the teeth when there is lack of oral hygiene. At first it is not visible, but when brushing and flossing techniques are not carried out effectively, plaque accumulates, turning into a white-yellow deposit. The plaque results in an inflammation of your gums, known as gingivitis.
What is gingivitis (Gum disease)?
Gingivitis is described as an inflammation of the gums surrounding the teeth, without affecting the supporting bone. It increases the bleeding and red gums. Periodontal diseases are often classified according to their severity. They range from mild gingivitis, to more severe periodontitis. It´s important to diagnose gingivitis at an early stage otherwise it may be irreversible.
What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis or pyorrhea is an inflammatory disease which affects the tooth-supporting structures. Periodontitis involves the progression of the bacterial infection to the deeper tooth-supporting tissues resulting in the gradual destuction of the alveolar bone around the teeth. This destruction is irreversible and results in deep periodontal pockets, or in recessions. The bacteria reside in the pockets and if it´s not removed the destruction of the alveolar bone continues, until the tooth can no longer be supported. If gingivitis is not treated, it may progress to periodontitis, and this will lead to the loss of teeth.
The first risk factor for periodontal disease is plaque. But there are other factors like smoking, poor general health, and genetics … that can influence.
A diagnosis of periodontitis is established by inspecting the soft gum tissues around the teeth with a periodontal probe (clinical instrument) and by evaluating the X-rays, to determine the amount of bone loss around the teeth. The treatment of periodontal disease begins under local anesthetic with the removal of sub-gingival calculus (tartar) and biofilm deposits through a procedure called scaling and root planning which seeks to remove calculus by mechanically scraping it from tooth surfaces.
All of our dentists are registered with the GDC, while our treatment is all approved under BDA, GDC and UK standard guidelines. To find out more about any of the services we provide, and why we should be your first choice if you’re looking for a dentist to carry out dental implants, give us a call on 020 34 34 29 34.