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Periodontal Disease

What Is Periodontal Disease?

If you suffer from swollen or bleeding gums then it is an early warning sign that they have become infected with bacteria – an infection that can go on to destroy the foundation of your teeth structure if nothing is done. This is known as periodontal disease, and it refers to the infections within the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.

Periodontal disease can be triggered by poor oral hygiene, but also it has recently been linked to various other health problems, including heart disease, strokes, premature births, diabetes and respiratory disease.

What Causes Periodontal Disease? It is the bacteria within plaque that leads to periodontal disease – the sticky substance that forms on your tooth after brushing. To tackle this bacteria, substances are released by your immune system which inflame the gums and can cause them to bleed. This is a sign of gingivitis – the earliest stage of periodontal disease. Daily brushing and flossing can help to keep plaque under control, and regular visits to your dentist or dental hygienist can deal with the plaque that is in places that are in places that are hard to reach with a brush. Although the bacteria in plaque is the main culprit, other causes of periodontal disease include:
  • Genetic traits;
  • Smoking;
  • Misaligned or crowded teeth;
  • Grinding, gritting or clenching of teeth;
  • Stress;
  • Fluctuating hormones;
  • Certain medications, for example some drugs used to deal with depression and high blood pressure;
  • Other diseases, for example diabetes;
  • Poor nutrition.
 

To find out more about periodontal disease and how to deal with it watch our video or give us a call on 020 34 34 29 34.